Hyperthyroidism Diet

Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. The condition could also refer to overactive thyroid which results in the production of more thyroid hormone.

The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland at the front of your neck which produces thyroid hormones like T3 and T4. These hormones help:

1) Your body to use energy.
2) Balancing the temperature of your body.
3) Proper functioning of the heart, brain, and other organs.

Hyperthyroidism could easily mislead you with other health conditions as it has some common symptoms that includes:

1) Unintentional weight loss.
2) Increased appetite.
3) Anxiety, irritability, and nervousness.
4) Mood changes.
5) Insomnia.
6) Sweating.
7) Fatigue.
8) Rapid heart rate.
9) Muscle weakness.
10) Frequent bowel movements.
11) Menstruation changes.
12) Skin thinning and many more.

If the above symptoms could be seen in anyone you should immediately contact your doctor and take proper medication accordingly.

In this article I am going to discuss how diet affects hyperthyroidism and also provide a list of foods that should be eaten and be avoided by a hyperthyroidism patient.

Exactly speaking there is no food that is specifically designed to deal with the condition like hyperthyroidism, although a healthy and balanced diet helps to add a world of good. 

A balanced diet of vegetables, fruits, healthy grains, and lean protein are the important sources that could get you enough nutrients to keep you healthy. 

Nutrients and chemicals mentioned in the below list plays a very crucial part in hyperthyroidism:

1) Iodine is used by the thyroid gland for producing thyroid hormone. And having an excessive quantity could lead to an increase in the production of thyroid hormone.


2) Calcium and Vitamin D are vital as hyperthyroidism causes problems with bone mineral density.

3) Caffeine also causes adverse effect and worsens the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

Foods to eat if you have hyperthyroidism

Below I have a provided a list of foods or the nutrients that should be included in the basic diet plan for a person with hyperthyroidism:

1) Low–iodine foods: As mentioned above that iodine plays a significant role in producing thyroid hormone hence a low-iodine diet helps in reducing thyroid hormones. 


Good source of low iodine foods are:

a) Non-iodized salt.
b) Tea or coffee but without milk.
c) Egg whites.
d) Oats.
e) Potatoes.

2) Cruciferous vegetables: Some cruciferous vegetables contain compound that may reduce your thyroid gland from producing thyroid and may also moderate iodine intake by the thyroid. 

However, someone with hypothyroidism should avoid eating large amount of these vegetable mentioned below:

a) Cauliflower.
b) Broccoli.
c) Brussels sprouts
d) Radish.
e) Cabbage.

3) Foods containing iron: Iron is very vital for thyroid health it carries oxygen that is needed for blood cells to every cells in your body. 

Deficiency in iron may lead to C. Food that are good source of iron are: 

a) Green leafy vegetables.
b) Nuts.
c)Dried beans like white beans, kidney beans, and black beans.
d) Dark chocolates.
e) Lentils.

4) Selenium: Selenium rich food helps in increasing the metabolism of the thyroid hormones and prevents in cell damage and keeps your thyroid and other tissues healthy. 

Good food source of selenium are:


a) Tea.
b) Rice.
c) Oatmeal.
d) Chicken.
e) Spinach.

5) Vitamin D and Calcium: Hyperthyroidism causes a decrease in bone mineral density and as a result, it leads to weak and brittle bone which may also cause osteoporosis. Calcium is very important for bone health which may be found in:


a) Milk.
b) Spinach
c) Almond milk.
d) Broccoli.
e) Collard greens.

Well, not many foods are good sources of Vitamin D but the primary source of it is the sunlight. 

However, the increased risk of skin cancer due to overexposure into the sunlight is always a matter of concern for many people. 

Apart from that following are the food that contains Vitamin D:

a)  Fortified orange juice.
b) Fortified cereals.
c) Mushrooms.
d) Fatty fish.
e) Beef liver.

6) Zinc: Zinc helps in using up your food for energy and also helps in keeping your immunity system and thyroid healthy. 

Some good sources of zinc mineral are:

a) Chickpeas.
b) Cashews.
c) Almonds.
d) Mushrooms.
e) Pumpkin seeds.

7) Spices: Some spices that have anti-inflammatory properties help to reduce thyroid disease and balance thyroid function. 

Some spices that are good for health and could also be used as flavor into the foods are:

a) Turmeric.
b) Green Chilies.
c) Black pepper.

Also Read10 Foods To Boost Brain Function

Foods to avoid in hyperthyroidism

There are certain foods that should be avoided by a person with hyperthyroidism. 

Below there is a list of food, eating of which can lead to worsening effects incase of hyperthyroidism:

1) Iron-rich foods: Intake of too much iron-rich food leads the thyroid to produce too much thyroid hormone resulting in hyperthyroidism. Iron-rich foods that should be avoided are:


a) Egg yolks.
b) Iodine supplements.
c) Lobster.
d)  Fish and shellfish.
e) Dairy products.

2) Soy: According to researches, soy ingestion can interfere with some treatments for hyperthyroidism when radioactive iodine treatment is taken up for the above. Sources of so include:

a) Soy sauce.
b) Soybean oil.
c) Tofu.
d) Soy milk.
e) Edamame beans.

3) Caffeine: Caffeine can exacerbate the symptoms of hyperthyroidism and could increase anxiety, nervousness, irritability and rapid heart rate. 

Foods and drinks that have caffeine should be avoided are :


a) Regular coffee.
b) Black coffee.
c) Chocolate.
d) Soda.
e) Energy drinks.

4) Gluten: Gluten may be harmful as it causes inflammation and results in damage to the small intestine due to ingestion of gluten. 

Sources of gluten in foods are:

a) Wheat.
b) Barley.
c) Oats.
d) Rye.
e) Fried foods.

5) Nitrates: Having too much of iodine in your diet can create a harmful impact as it causes the thyroid gland to absorb excessive iodine and as a matter of fact leads to an enlarged thyroid and hyperthyroidism. 

Some  of the foods that contain nitrates to be avoided or limited are:


a) Fennel.   
b) Carrots.
c) Turnip.
d) Spinach.
e) Pumpkin.

Also Read:How To Treat Fatty Liver Naturally?


Hyperthyroidism is a condition wherein the thyroid becomes overactive and tends to produce excessive thyroid hormone. 

People should always follow a proper diet relating to its treatment. Always consult your doctor if you could see certain symptoms developing in anyone. 

Strictly follow the instructions or the medication that is provided by the doctor.

A proper diet diminishes the symptoms that could lead to hyperthyroidism. 

A diet containing certain nutrients may help in balancing thyroid function and also, protect your body from hyperthyroidism. 

A doctor or dietician will be the best person to provide you more information about your diet plan for hyperthyroidism. 



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