What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

What Is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

 What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?                                    

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. 

A novel coronavirus is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.  

The novel coronavirus (nCov) is believed to first found in Wuhan, China on 31st December 2019.

Sources

The exact original source of the coronavirus (nCov) has not been yet discovered. 

Some scientists suspect the original source might be snakes but some believe that the bats might also be the source of coronavirus (nCov) as they can find lots of similarity between the coronavirus from the bats.

Symptoms

What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath. In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. 

Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.

How dangerous is Coronavirus (nCov)?

Total numbers of infected people till this article was written are 616,742 out of these, around 29,532 have died and 145,600 people have recovered after being infected. 

So the (nCov)  has a mortality rate of 1 to 2 percent as compared to the other viruses that have occurred in history.    

How coronavirus (nCov) is spread?     

              What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

To catch coronavirus you need to be physically close to someone shedding a significant amount of virus- which almost always means a person with symptoms of disease, though asymptomatic transmission may occur, albeit very rarely.

As respiratory infections are most commonly spread through the air by viral particles in droplets from a cough or sneeze. 

So, it is advised to cover coughs and sneezes with the bend of your elbow or a tissue and keep at least a meter away from people who are coughing or sneezing. 

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After effect


At the early stage, people who have been affected may experience running, sore throat, cough, fever, pneumonia, and breathing problems when at a severe stage. Below is a rough data comparing the rough percentage of people with coronavirus   (COVID-2019).

Stage of severity

Rough percentage of people with COVID-19

Mild disease from which a person can recover

More than 80%

Severe disease, causing breathlessness and pneumonia

Around 14%

Critical disease, including septic shock, respiratory failure of more than one organ

About 5%

Fatal disease

2%


But as the virus has spread like wildfire with it, it has also developed some fake news or false stories due to ignorance of the common people, here I have tried to bring upon some of the myths that have spread up and countered them with some facts.

1. Myth: The virus transmits in a hot and humid climate is a myth.

Fact: The COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in all areas irrespective of climate including hot, humid or cold.

2. Myth: Cold weather or snow can kill coronavirus.

Fact: Well speaking the truth there is no evidence that cold weather can kill the new coronavirus. As normal human body temperature remains around 36.5°C to 37°C, regardless of the external temperature or weather. 

The most effective way to protect yourself against the new coronavirus is by frequently cleaning your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or washing them with soap and water.

3. Myth: Taking a hot bath does prevent the new coronavirus disease.

Fact: There is no such evidence that proves taking a hot bath will not prevent you from catching COVID-19. 

The best way to protect yourself against COVID-19 is by frequently cleaning your hands. By doing this you eliminate viruses that may be on your hands and avoid infection that could occur by then touching your eyes, mouth, and nose.

4.Myth: The new coronavirus can be transmitted through products manufactured in China or any country reporting COVID-19 cases.

Fact: It is very unlikely that the virus will persist on a surface after being moved, traveled, and exposed to different conditions and temperatures even there though the study says that it can stay on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. 

You should clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water if there is a possibility that the surface or product may be contaminated.

5.Myth: Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body kills the new coronavirus.

Fact: Absolutely not, spraying alcohol or chlorine can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth). It is well aware that both alcohol and chlorine can be useful to disinfect surfaces, but they need to be used under appropriate recommendations.

6. Myth: Eating garlic helps in preventing infection with the new coronavirus.

Fact: There is no such evidence from the current outbreak that eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus.

7. Myth: The new coronavirus affect mostly older people.

Facts: Regardless, people of all ages can be infected by the new coronavirus. But the thing is older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) are more susceptible to becoming severely ill with the virus. 

8. Myth: The new coronavirus can be transmitted through mosquito bites.

Fact: There is no such evidence to suggest that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquitoes. The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus which spreads primarily through droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose.

9. Myth: Vaccines against pneumonia protect you against the new coronavirus.

Fact: Vaccines against pneumonia cannot protect you against the new coronavirus. The virus is so new and different that it needs its own vaccine.


How to stay protected from Coronavirus or Covid-19?

First things first, if you want to prevent yourself from any kind of infection or disease you should maintain basic hygiene.

What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?


· Avoid touching your face and always cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow while coughing or sneezing.

 What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

· Washing your hands for at least 20secs with soap or any alcohol-based hand sanitizer is one of the best ways you can prevent the virus from getting into your body.

 What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

·  Avoid close contact or maintain a distance of at least 1 meter with people who are showing the symptoms of coronavirus. Maintain social distancing and stay at home, avoid traveling or going to any kind of social invite.

 What is Coronavirus or nCoV-2019?

·The fourth option is quite debatable i.e. wearing a mask because according to doctors wearing a mask is only for those who are showing the symptoms of it to prevent others from the risk of being infected. 

And also necessary for those who are related to a medical background or for those who are taking care of some infected by Covid-19. 

But as of now wearing a mask is quite sensible if you are in social rather than risking your life in any kind of situation.


Lastly, I would like to add that there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). 

The best way to prevent or treat coronavirus is to stay alert and self-care, isolate yourself if you are developing any symptoms because there are chances that you will recover from the virus at home without needing to go to the hospital. 

Here, I would also like to clarify myself that it is not only about the viruses being spread but also about how quickly or at what scale it is being spread because the virus is so contagious and spreads at large that the hospitals or the medical facilities have not been enough at its has collapsed. 

And as a result, there are not enough doctors or medical staff to attend each and every patient which as a result increasing the death rates. Researchers are trying to develop a vaccine against it, and WHO is supporting their efforts.


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