Dental Problems? Its Causes And Solutions 

A good smile represents the good health of a person. A good and healthy pair of teeth add up to a beautiful smile. 

But even after knowing that a healthy and beautiful pair of teeth is so important still people tend to ignore the fact. 

People should make it a habit to take special care of their teeth as they take of any other parts of their body. 

So today I am going to discuss in this article the various dental problems faced by peoples and the ways to stop or prevent it.

An adult has 32 teeth but it may vary person to person. The primary function of teeth is to grip and tear the food but still, it’s not the only function performed by the teeth. 

There are four different types of teeth in our oral cavity:

1.Incisors: The incisors are the four front teeth in both the upper and lower jaws. Their primary function is to cut the food. It has a single root and sharp incisal edge.

2.Canines: Canines are behind and adjacent to the lateral incisors. Their primary function is to tear the food. They have pointed cusp and a single root.

3.Premolars: These teeth are situated behind and adjacent to the canines and their primary function is to crush the food.

4.Molars: Molars are the strongest teeth six on the top and six at the bottom of your oral cavity. Their primary function is to bite and grind up the food. 

Different Parts Of Teeth Are:

                                   Dental Problems? Its causes and solutions

1.Enamel: The enamel is the hardest substance in your body even harder than your bones. It is the thin outer covering of the tooth which covers the crown, a part of the tooth that is visible outside of the gums.

2.Crown: Crown is a tooth-shaped ‘cap’ placed over teeth to protect it from decaying, breaking, and restoring to its shape and size and improve the strength and the appearance of the teeth.

3. Gumline: Gumline is where both tooth and gums meet.

4. Pulp: Pulp is a soft tissue that contains the blood and nerve extends from the crown to the tip of the root where it connects to the nerves and blood supply of the mouth enabling sensation of the tooth.

5. Dentin: It is a hard, light yellow, porous layer of tissue that forms the major portion of a tooth which surrounds the pulp and is situated beneath the enamel and cementum.

6.Cementum: Cementum is a connective tissue covering the roots and sometimes other parts of the teeth. It is yellow in colour and softer than enamel.

Some of the dental problems are mentioned below:

Dental Problems? Its causes and solutions

1.Tooth Decay: Tooth decay which is also known as cavities is the most common dental problem. 

Tooth decay occurs when plaque, a sticky substance that forms on teeth combines with starches of the food we eat and produces acids that destroy tooth enamel.   

2.Gum recession: Gum recession may occur when enamel and dentine get damaged. 

Gum recessions are caused by the remains of overnight food if not brushed properly and leading to poor oral hygiene.   

3.Gum Disease: Gum disease is an infection of gums surrounding the teeth. 

The causes of it are- if you have any infection inside the teeth, when a tooth gets damaged or when an infection from any other parts of the body gets spread to teeth through the blood.

4.Bad Breath: Bad breath may occur if you have gum disease, cavities, oral cancer, dry mouth, and bacteria are the main cause of bad breath. 

Bad, Breath, Halitosis, Teeth, Mouth

Bad breath may also happen if you have a habit of smoking or maybe wrong treatment on some rare occasion.

5.Oral Cancer: The most common dental problem in India is oral cancer and comparatively men are the most suffering from it rather than the women. 

According to a study people above the age of 40 are dealing with it the most. People chewing tobacco, smoking, or the one who consumes alcohol are the ones who might be at risk.

6.Leucoplakia: When there are thick white patches formed on your gums, inside of your cheeks, the bottom of your mouth and sometimes in your tongue, those patches are called Leucoplakia. 

Leucoplakia occurs due to these reasons- smoking and consumption of tobacco and alcohol, broken or sharp teeth rubbing on your tongue, broken dentures, etc.

7.Mouth sores: Mouth sores may be common to everyone it can be annoying or bothersome. Nothing to worry about the mouth sores until and unless it lasts for more than two weeks, usually it disappears on its own.

8.Tooth Sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity is a very common problem for everyone. 

People dealing with it may experience pain or discomfort to your teeth after having sweets, hot drinks, cold drinks, ice cream, or even in cold air. 

People experience discomfort even from brushing or flossing who are having tooth sensitivity.  

How To Maintain Good Oral Hygiene?

Teeth, Brushing Teeth, Dentist

Not maintaining good oral hygiene is the main cause of all the above mentioned dental problems. The mouth is a window to your health and so you should take good care of your teeth and mouth. The following are some the good oral habit that you should follow daily:-

1.Brush your teeth twice daily: As mentioned above the mouth is a window to your health you should always keep your mouth clean by brushing your teeth daily. 

But while brushing you should remember that the toothbrush should be soft and simple flat-headed. 

The most important thing is to focus on the gumline as plaque always migrates toward the gums.

2.Floss: Floss cleans better than the toothbrushes available in the market despite its claim to clean in between the teeth. 

It is important to use floss to prevent bad breath, tooth decay, and gum diseases.

3. Avoid snacking: Snacking promotes more plaque acid which in turn leaves the tooth surface more vulnerable to decay. 

So try to avoid snacking and have only three main meals a day as sometimes it is about the frequency of what we eat without giving enough time for the teeth to recover.

Dental Problems? Its causes and solutions

4.Change the toothbrush: You should always keep in mind to change the toothbrush after every 3 months as the bristles tend to lose their shape after every 3 months.

5.Quit smoking: This one of the major causes of gum disease. As it contains a lot of toxins which makes the tartar more aggressive and destroys tooth tissue easily.

6.Visit a dentist regularly: It is important to give a regular visit to your dentist for check-ups and cleanings through which if there is any risk it could be identified or any filings needed could be done with the best tools suited.


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